Certified Financial Planner (CFP), Personal Financial Advisor, Financial Consultant, Financial Counselor, Financial Planner, Investment Advisor
Personal financial advisors give financial advice to people. They help with investments, taxes, and insurance decisions.
- Autonomy: You can work as hard and as little as you want. You determine how much you want to make.
- Help people make money and create a financial plan for their future and family.
- Read the news, stay current on current events, particularly any financial news that affects my client's accounts.
- Respond to clients.
- Place orders and update portfolios.
- Attend meetings on market updates.
- Meet with clients or attend due diligence meetings on different fund managers they use.
- If working, attend networking events, CE events, and social functions.
Personal financial advisors assess the financial needs of individuals and help them with investments (such as stocks and bonds), tax laws, and insurance decisions. Advisors help clients plan for short-term and long-term goals, such as education expenses and retirement. They recommend investments to match the clients' goals. They invest clients' money based on the clients' decisions.
- Meet with clients in person to discuss their financial goals.
- Explain the types of financial services they provide.
- Educate clients and answer questions about investment options and potential risks.
- Recommend investments to clients or select investments on their behalf.
- Help clients plan for specific circumstances, such as education expenses or retirement.
- Monitor clients' accounts and determine if changes are needed to improve account performance or accommodate life changes, such as getting married or having children.
- Research investment opportunities.
Many personal financial advisors spend a lot of time marketing their services, and they meet potential clients by giving seminars or through business and social networking. Networking is the process of meeting and exchanging information with people, or groups of people, who have similar interests.
- Sales skills
- Analytical skills
- Interpersonal communication skills
- Math and finance
- General Principles
- Income Tax
- Retirement Planning
- Estate Planning
Major broker dealer
- There are few left with the recent consolidation of financial companies.
- Smaller payout (30-45%) but they pay your overhead (assistant, phone, materials, supplies, operations, insurance).
- National: Morgan Stanley Smith Barney, Bank of America’s Merrill Lynch, UBS, and Wellsfargo)
- Regional: Raymond James, Ameriprise Financial…etc.
- Boutique (for higher net worth investors): Credit Suisse, Deutsche Bank, Barclay’s
Independent broker dealer (smaller firm)
- Higher payout (70-90%) but the advisor must pay for ALL of the overhead and don’t have as much support and then brand recognition behind you.
It's about a 90% turnover, so people don't stick. You can work long hours, do all the right things, but if you don't get the high net-worth clientele, you're just not going to survive in the business.
- Played with your mock stock portfolio (Yahoo Finance).
- Was interested in investments.
- Was interested in the stock market.
- Bachelor’s Degree high recommended.
- Suggested Majors: Economics, business management, finance, accounting, math.
- MBA recommended.
- This is a client-based business. You are SELLING your services. So some clients require the right degrees or pedigrees.
- After years of work experience, you will need to get licensed and certified.
- Intern: Try to get an internship at a financial company or for an independent financial advisor. Hopefully someone with a big team that has a structure in place, so you're not doing just grunt work. But expect to do grunt work at any level.
- Check out these resources for teenagers:
- Start your own mock portfolio with mock investments: Use Yahoo Finance or Market Watch.
- Read the trades and SEC information.
- 4.2% with HS Diploma
- 4.9% with Associate’s
- 51.7% with Bachelor’s
- 21.5% with Master’s
- 5.2% with Professional
- Get an internship at a bank or brokerage to see if this is something you want to do.
- Apply to one of these different types of companies:
- Training program with a large investment company: Such programs are competitive, but worth the work if you can get into them.
- Smaller company: You might not go through the same structured training regimen, but you'll have opportunities for one-on-one mentoring and be able to broaden your knowledge by performing several different tasks for different clients.
- Financial analyst position at a bank.
- Have a plan of attack: Show the employer how you will find clients. Make it as detailed and realistic as possible.
- Certified Financial Planner (CFP)
- Must take preparation courses at an accredited college or university
- Pass a two-day, ten-hour exam, have three years of work experience, and have a four-year college degree. (If you already have a pre-approved professional designation, you can register for the exam without taking the prep courses. People who can waive the education requirement include PhDs in business or economics, attorneys, Certified Public Accountants, Chartered Financial Analyst, and others.)
- Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA)
- Complicated curriculum.
- Pass three six-hour exams.
- Have a bachelor's degree and four years of work experience.
- Registered Investment Advisor (RIA)
- An investment advisor is anyone who receives compensation for providing financial advice. If you manage a portfolio with assets totaling less than $100 million, you'll register with your state securities agency; if your portfolio is over $100 million, you'll register with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
- Pass the Series 66 exam, as well as the Series 6 or 7 exam. Alternatively, they may also just pass the series 65 exam.
- Follow up with continuing education and relicensing fees.
There's no "traditional" corporate ladder. Basically, the more revenue you bring in and the "bigger producer" of revenue you are, the higher you climb. The more support you get for your business. In this sense, it's fantastic, because there's not a lot of politics or glass ceiling you need to deal with.
“In your interview - have a go-getting attitude, have a plan in place of how you're going to find your clients. Express with confidence and articulately why you're going to stand out. Accept rejection, create opportunities for yourself. If you want client's trust, prove yourself trustworthy.”